If you are building a residential or commercial property in a remote area where you cannot connect to a municipal water system, you may need to rely on a well. To ensure that water is safe, you may need to invest in a few different types of water treatment options. Ultimately, you have to figure out what's right for your situation. Here's what to keep in mind.

1. Disinfection Systems

If you opt for a disinfection system, your well water will be cleaned by adding chemicals to it. The most popular option is chlorine. The system is setup so that the chlorine is present in high enough levels to kill germs but low enough levels so that it is safe for you.

Unfortunately, however, chlorine can actually interact with some of the unwanted elements in your well water and create results that are carcinogenic. Because of that, you may want to avoid chlorine, and opt for a system that disinfects your water using light.

2. UV Water Treatment

With a UV-based system, Ultraviolet light is applied to the water, and that destroys 99.9 percent of microorganisms without the use of chemicals. It also doesn't add any flavors or odors to your water.

3. Distillation System

If you want the purest water possible, you may want to consider a distillation water treatment method. This is a special type of water treatment system that cleans the water by boiling it.

Basically, as the water boils, the system collects the steam in another area. Then, that steam turns into water, and that purified water comes into your home.

In most cases, this approach gets that tiny fraction of microorganisms and chemicals that can't be killed by UV light. This system is based on the way that water cleans itself. To explain, imagine how a puddle evaporates slowly into the sky. Then, it goes back to the land in the form of clean rain or snow.

4. Water Softener

In many cases, the water from a well is hard. That means that it has a lot of mineral deposits such as calcium and magnesium. This is safe to drink, but it doesn't always taste great.

In addition, hard water can free a lot of the metals from inside your pipe, and that can lead to rusty stains in some of your sinks or toilet bowls. Additionally, it doesn't encourage soap to lather, and it doesn't rinse off soap well. As a result, you may deal with soap scum in your shower or clothes that have soapy residue when you pull them out of your washing machine.

To reduce these issues, you need a water softener. That can be used in conjunction with some of the water treatment options listed above. It works by removing the hard minerals from your water and making it "softer" by adding potassium and sodium.

5. Septic System

Cleaning the well water before you use it is just the first step. Then, you need to clean it when it leaves your home. If your home or commercial building is not connected to a municipal water system, it's probably not able to be connected to a sewer system.

That's why you need a standalone septic system. The traditional septic system purifies some of the water and then lets it sit in a tank. There, the solids settle to the bottom, and the liquid waste goes to the top. From there, the liquid flows into the ground, and it continues the purification process. It's clean by the time it reaches any fresh bodies of water.

If you're too close to the water table or fresh water sources like rivers, this approach may not work. Luckily, there are also more compact septic systems that thoroughly clean wastewater before releasing it.

Visit a site like http://www.waterman911.com for more information on water treatments. 

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